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Minoxidil

minoxidil

Minoxidil is an FDA approved drug used for the treatment of hair loss.

It falls into a class of treatments known as growth stimulants as it slows down hair loss and stimulates hair regrowth.
Initially Minoxidil was used for the treatment of high blood pressure. Coincidentaly it produced an interesting side effect. People who were being treated for high BP noticed an increase in their hair growth and in some cases, significant hair regrowth was experienced.
Since then a topical solution of minoxidil, first developed by UpJohn Corp, has been used for treating hair loss in men and women.

Working

minoxidil workingExperts beleive that minoxidil is a vasodilator and speculate that by dilating blood vessels in the scalp it allows the flow of more blood, oxygen and essential nutrients to the hair follicle. This causes the hair to shed and be replaced by thicker hair in the next hair growth cycle.
Minoxidil has been clinically tested to be more effective in men in the early stages of pattern baldness and also more effective in regrowing hair on the crown region than the frontal regions and along the hairline.

Side effects

Side effects include skin irritation, dryness of the scalp along with flaking and itching.
Systemic absorption may also occur leading to chest pain, increased heat beat and bloating of the face, feet and hands.

Precautions

Minoxidil should be kept away from children and pregnant women.